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قديم 05-09-2016, 07:56 PM
الصورة الرمزية أ.رحاب" 
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أ.رحاب أ.رحاب غير متواجد حالياً
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تاريخ التسجيل: Apr 2010
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:Cognition
Ability of an animal's nervous system to perceive, store, process, and use information gathered by sensory receptors. Relates to how animal brains represent physical stimuli from the environment


:Cognitive Ethology
Attempts to illustrate the connection between data processing by nervous systems and animal behavior


:Cognitive Maps
Internal representations, or codes, (formulated by many animals) of spatial relationships among objects in their surroundings


:Critical Period
Limited phase in an individual animal's development when learning of particular behaviors can take place (imprinting.) Can take place in both younger and older animals in various durations


:Dominance Hierarchy
A linear "pecking order" of animals, where position dictates characteristic social behaviors. (Alpha, beta.) The top ranked is assured access to resources and controls behaviors of others in groups. Stabilize density


:Ethology
Research field in which naturalists try to understand how a variety of animals behave in their natural habitats


:(Fixed Action Pattern (FAP
A highly stereotypical behavior that is innate and must be carried to completion once initiated. Essentially unchangeable sequence of behavioral acts. Usually carried to completion once initiated. Triggered by sign stimulus


:Habituation
A simple kind of learning involving a loss of sensitivity to unimportant stimuli, allowing an animal to conserve time and energy


:Imprinting
A type of learned behavior with a significant innate component, acquired during a limited critical period. It is generally irreversible

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